María José Sanz
Scientific Director of the BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change and president of the Alliance of Severo Ochoa Centres and María de Maeztu Units (SOMMa)
The summit took more than two days to reach agreements that finally provide for the creation of a fund for the most vulnerable countries to cope with the losses and damages caused by the climate crisis. The modalities will have to be worked out over the next year, which is a very common procedure, and attention will have to be paid to this process. This was a summit where loss and damage and adaptation was a critical issue, and the creation of this fund represents a breakthrough. Progress on the work programme on the global adaptation goal to be concluded at COP28 has also been acknowledged.
Despite this good news and the recognition of the importance of adaptation as inevitable and necessary, the fact is that the expected incremental progress on the Glasgow mitigation progress has not been made, although the 1.5ºC target is maintained. Clear references are made to the importance of renewable energies, but language on moving away from fossil fuels has not been agreed due to the reluctance of some producer countries.