This article is 1 year old
Reaction to study demonstrating the formation of electrodes in living animal tissue

A Swedish research team has successfully 'grown' a soft, electrically conductive polymer in various zebrafish and leech tissues, as well as in isolated mammalian muscle tissues, without damaging those tissues. The research is published in Science.

23/02/2023 - 20:00 CET

The injectable gel is tested in a microfabricated circuit. Author: Thor Balkhed.

Expert reactions

Tara Spires - electrodos tejidos EN

Tara Spires-Jones

Deputy director of the Centre for Discovery Brain Sciences at the University of Edinburgh, UK Dementia Research Institute Group leader, and president of the British Neuroscience Association

Science Media Centre UK

In this study by Berggren and colleagues in Sweden, scientists injected a cocktail of chemicals into the brain, heart, and tailfin of zebrafish and into the nervous systems of leeches.  Using a clever system that takes advantage of biological properties of the tissue, these injected chemicals formed a gel in the animals that was capable of conducting electricity, a property useful for studying brain function. 

Long term, authors speculate that this technology will facilitate the development of interfaces between electronics and biological systems.  While this is very interesting scientifically and will no doubt spur further research, this study in zebrafish, leeches, and meats (the gel also formed in pork, beef, and chicken but not tofu) is a long way from integrating your mobile phone directly with your brain.

The author has declared they have no conflicts of interest
Metabolite-induced in vivo fabrication of substrate-free organic bioelectronics
  • Research article
  • Peer reviewed
  • Experimental study
  • Animals
Study types:
  • Research article
  • Peer reviewed
  • Experimental study
  • Animals
The 5Ws +1
Publish it