Instituto Español de Oceanografía

Spanish Institute of Oceanography

C/ Corazón de María, 8, 28002

Pablo Lozano Ordóñez
Head of Communication

If you are the contact person for this centre and you wish to make any changes, please contact us.

SMC participants

Researcher at the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO-CSIC), president of the European Centre for Marine Science and Technology Information (EurOcean) and has been coordinator of the World Ocean Report (2021-2022, United Nations)

Marine biologist and from June 2010 to February 2020, Director of the Spanish Institute of Oceanography.

Researcher in the fisheries department.

Contents related to this centre
rena lee

The deadline passed and after two marathon nights of meetings, the delegations of the UN member states have managed to reach an agreement to make the so-called Oceans Treaty - or BBNJ Treaty, Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction - a reality. New York City has seen the fifth session of this conference bear fruit with an agreement on the wording of the text, seventeen years after the talks began and with negotiations stalled last August due to a lack of agreement. The Treaty aims to protect and regulate the use of areas beyond national jurisdiction, which account for more than 60% of the oceans, or almost half of the planet. Marine genetic resources and how to share these benefits has been one of the main stumbling blocks.


The so-called Oceans Treaty, promoted by the UN, has had to be stopped, not concluded, due to the impossibility of reaching an agreement. After a process of more than 16 years, only half a session separates us from the word failure. Let us hope that the resumption of the last session, possibly in the spring of 2023, will offer us the agreement we all wish for.


According to a study off the coasts of France, Italy, Spain, Croatia, Slovenia and Greece, catches of threatened elasmobranchs are higher in partially protected areas than in unprotected areas, suggesting that small-scale fishing may be affecting these species.