Clínico San Carlos Hospital


addictions, Alzheimer's, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, rare diseases, immunology

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SMC participants

Head of the Neurology Section and coordinator of the Multiple Sclerosis Unit at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos.

Specialist in Clinical Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health of the Hospital Clínico San Carlos and member of the Spanish Society of Clinical Psychology ANPIR

Head of the Cardiology Department at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid and former president of the Spanish Society of Cardiology.

professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, president of the Spanish Association for the Study of Menopause (AEEM)

Contents related to this centre

A study in South Korea followed more than 160,000 women for more than eight years and concluded that infection with different strains of human papillomavirus is associated with a fourfold increase in the relative risk of dying from cardiovascular causes. According to the authors, "it could be that the virus causes inflammation in the blood vessels, contributing to blockage and damage to the arteries". The findings are published in the European Heart Journal.


The vast majority of mammals remain fertile until the end of their lives. Humans and some species of whales deviate from that norm and do go through menopause. Now, research published in Science reveals that menopause exists in female chimpanzees, too, and that it lasts for a fifth of their adult lifespan. To reach these conclusions, the research team observed 185 female chimpanzees between 1995 and 2016 in Uganda's Kibale National Park and measured hormone levels in urine samples from specimens of various ages.

Online harassment

On the occasion of World Mental Health Day on 10 October, the Science Media Centre Spain organised an information session on the mental health of young people and the threat posed by deepfakes and cyberbullying. At the meeting, experts Esther Calvete and Irene de la Vega explained their risks and possible repercussions, their characteristics and some tools to reduce their frequency and impact.


The functioning of the heart can be studied by the percentage of blood it pumps with each beat, deduced by imaging techniques. Based on analyses by cardiologists, a US clinical trial concludes that an artificial intelligence model outperforms examinations initially performed by imaging technicians in terms of accuracy. According to the authors, the tool could "save physicians time and minimise the most tedious parts of the process".


A Swedish study has found an association between lack of sleep or poor quality sleep during adolescence and an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis later in life. They put the relative increased risk at 40 %. The results are published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.