Ignacio J. Molina Pineda

Reactions: tobacco alters the immune response even in the long term

A study has analysed more than 100 environmental factors and their impact on the immune response. After studying about a thousand volunteers, its conclusions are that smoking is the factor that causes the most alterations in defences. While some changes are transient, others may remain for years after quitting. The results are published in the journal Nature.


Reactions: Nobel Prize in Physiology awarded to Karikó and Weissman for their discoveries that led to the development of effective mRNA vaccines against covid-19

The Karolinska Institute has awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology to Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman for their groundbreaking discoveries, which have radically changed our understanding of how mRNA interacts with our immune system, and made it possible to develop vaccines at unprecedented speed during the covid-19 pandemic.


Reactions: FBI director says "the covid-19 pandemic probably originated in a laboratory incident in China"

In an interview with US television FOX News, FBI Director Christopher Wray said that, according to his office's assessment, "it is likely that the origin of the coronavirus pandemic was a leak from a laboratory in Wuhan, China". These statements follow media reports of a US Department of Energy report, accessed by the Wall Street Journal, that would also support "with low confidence" the leak hypothesis. Even so, a spokesman for the US National Security Council told AP that there is "no consensus" among intelligence agencies on the issue.


Reactions to study claiming three doses of covid-19 vaccines protect better than two

To estimate the effectiveness of two or three doses of vaccines against covid-19 infection and hospitalisation, researchers in Denmark conducted a study of all previously uninfected Danish residents aged 12 years and older. The conclusion of the research, which is published in PLOS Medicine, is that a third dose provided greater protection against infection and hospitalisation with omicron than two vaccines.

What we know about the effectiveness of the vaccines against Omicron

The new B.1.1.529 variant, dubbed Omicron, has spread across the globe, with new countries announcing its detection with each passing day. While questions such as whether it is more transmissible are being investigated, the biggest question surrounds its relationship with vaccines - will they cease to be effective, and will this variant escape our immune systems? Several experts answer.